Key elements of cyber security

In this blog, I will focus on the key elements of cyber security. Cyber Security is an important concept as I have talked about it before in my blogs. You can be a target anytime and anywhere. Yes, it’s that scary. however, it is very important to protect your site. Read my blog on what […]

In this blog, I will focus on the key elements of cyber security.

Cyber Security is an important concept as I have talked about it before in my blogs. You can be a target anytime and anywhere. Yes, it’s that scary. however, it is very important to protect your site.

Read my blog on what are the topmost happening cyber attacks:

These are the key elements of cybersecurity which are important for you to know, the most targeted groups are startups:

1. Application Security

Application security is the first thing any company should take care of. Therefore, you need to add some cybersecurity features to your application or website to prevent cyber attacks.

Hackers try to breach with the code of the website or the application.

Application Threats

Application threats can be a denial of service, data breaches, SQL Injection, and many other types of attacks that take place. This is nothing but a lack of security.

Application security tools

However, there are tools that can protect you from these attacks that can attack your work anytime. Firewalls, antivirus software, encryption technology, and other security devices that will help with the security of your business.

2. Information Security

Information security refers to the process where we can disrupt or modify unauthorized access, use, modification, disclosure, recording, or destruction of your data.

Your information can be physical or electronic like your login details, personal data, your social media, and many other details that you put up online while logging in to a new website or something.

Principles of Information Security

The main principle of information security is the CIA: Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability.


Confidentiality is the protection of your personal information. Your information is highly sensitive and should not be accessible to any other person. Information like:

  • Name, date of birth, age, and address
  • Contact information
  • Account details
  • Professional information
  • Email account details
  • Social media accounts
  • Personal records
  • Family information


Integrity means that the data or the information should be consistent, accurate, and complete throughout the cycle. It involves keeping the information from being altered or changed and ensures that it cannot be done by an unauthorized person.


Availability ensures that the information and resources are accessible to authorized users only. If an attacker is not able to compromise the first two principles then they may try to execute a denial of service (DoS) attack. This attack would bring down the webserver and making the website unavailable to legitimate users due to lack of availability.

3. Network Security

Network security is protecting and preventing your computer networks from unauthorized networks. It is a set of rules and configurations to prevent unauthorized access, misuse, modification of a computer network, and resources. It includes both hardware and software technologies.

Network security methods

There are ways that you can use to protect your computer from misuse, manipulation of your network. Here are some of the methods that you should use:

  1. Antivirus and Anti-malware Software
  2. Data Loss Prevention (DLP)
  3. Email Security
  4. Firewalls
  5. Mobile Device Security
  6. Virtual Private Network (VPN)
  7. Network Access Control (NAC)

4. Disaster recovery plan

A disaster recovery plan (DRP) is a business continuity plan and managed procedures where you describe how your work can be resumed after the damage done from the attacks.

A disaster recovery strategy should start at the business level and should determine what applications are the most important to run the organization. In determining a strategy you should take care of this thing:

  1. Financial Budget
  2. Resources
  3. Technology
  4. Administration
  5. Hardware

When these strategies are approved and organized, you can move on to the next step of applying these strategies.

Types of disaster recovery plans:

hence, there are around 4 types of disaster recovery plans that you can use according to the nature of your business:

  1. Data-Center Disaster Recovery
  2. Cloud-Based Disaster Recovery
  3. Virtualization Disaster Recovery
  4. Disaster Recovery as a Service

5. Operational security

Operational Security(OPSEC) is an analytical and risk management process that identifies the organization’s critical information and develops a mechanism to ensure the safety of the information.

Steps of operational security

To develop an effective operations program, the organization has to first find out the necessary threats and take the measure steps:

These are the 5 steps you need to take for the OPSEC:

  1. Define the organization sensitive information
  2. Identify the categories of threats
  3. Analyze security holes and vulnerabilities
  4. Assessment of Risks
  5. Implementation of appropriate countermeasures

6. End User Education

End user education is the most important for any organization nowadays. They are becoming the largest security risks for an organization because these attacks can happen anytime anywhere.

Although, they have no fault of their own and they come under these attacks because of lack of awareness of business.

End user threats

The end user threats can be created in such a way:

  1. Using of Social Media
  2. Text Messaging
  3. Apps Download
  4. Use of Email
  5. Password creation and usages

And you can always check your work up with an organization that will help you with the answers you need in order to create security features.

So, after reading my article you know depth knowledge of cybersecurity. But you have to read my other informative blog for more information-